Safe drinking water, based on the World Health Organization (2008), is defined as drinking water that does not represent any significant risk to health over a lifetime of its consumption. But even in the presence of access to safe water, alone it cannot affect widely to the reduction of diarrheal cases in the community. Even if the source is safe water, it can be contaminated during collection, transportation, storage, and use in home. Inadequate hygiene practices should be targeted in order to decrease morbidity and mortality especially in rural areas (Amenu, Menkir, & Gobena, 2013).
Specific Objectives # 1 & 2
1. To increase the number of households who practice proper drinking water storage from 48% to 90%,
2. To increase the number of households who practice proper drinking water purification practices from 53% to 90%,
Previous Strategies Done
ü “Agianan sa Tubig na Limpyo” was done in order to educate the people in the community about different ways of drinking water contamination, and methods to prevent it through proper water storage and purification practices last April 2015.
ü “Juan 4:14 Posters” were given to each households to be posted on the walls of their kitchen. The posters include household methods in the prevention of drinking water contamination.
Current Strategies Done
ü Proper drinking water storage and purification practices are currently in its monitoring and evaluation phase.
· As of November – December 2016, the percentage of households practicing proper water storage is 94% and the percentage of households practicing proper water purification practices is 90%.
o Continuous household monitoring and evaluation for proper water storage and purification practices
o “Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage” Lecture – To be done by the Provincial Health Office – Sanitary Inspector, it discusses and demonstrates proper household water handling practices from the source to point of use.
o “WASH in schools” – A proposal to the barangay addressing the facility development in Goaw Elementary School for water, sanitation, and hygiene
Specific Objective #3
To increase the number of low risk household water sources in the barangay from 54% to 90%
Current Strategies Done
ü Primary water source microbiological analysis done by the Municipal Sanitary Inspector last November 2016 complemented by the ocular assessment of each primary water source were conducted in order to properly identify the problems of primary water sources and how it will be addressed effectively.
· All of the 5 main water sources of the barangay failed the microbiological analysis based on the standards of Philippine National Safe Drinking Water.
· Three out of five water sources are boreholes and the remaining two are ground water with water tank.
· Three out of five water sources have a sanitary toilet or septic tank within 25m.
· All main water sources are closed and sealed
o “Ayaw sa Hugaw ng Goaw” – A community engagement program where households will be encouraged to improve their household water sources with the support of the barangay council
o “Water Source Chlorination” – To be done by the Municipal Sanitary Inspector, in order to secure that the main water sources of the barangay is free from microbiological contamination
From 30% of households, 87% of the total households are currently practicing both proper water storage and purification practices. As of now, the activities done are still having its effects as shown by the continuous increase of households practicing proper water storage and purification practices. With the activities left for the next exposure, specifically targeting the improvement of household water sources, the program has the high chance of achieving its target, which is 90% of total households practicing proper water handling.